Phil 100: Final Exam Study Guide

For the Final Exam you should know the following fallacies and Alnters. A list of the names of the fallacies and slanters will be provided for you on the exam.

I.    Fallacies of Relevance
    a.    Appeal to Emotion
        i.    Appeal to pity
    b.    Red Herring
    c.    Straw Man
    d.    Attack on the Person (Argument ad hominem)
        i.    Abusive
        ii.   Circumstantial
    e.    Appeal to Force
    f.    Missing the Point
II.    Fallacies of Defective Induction
    a.    Ignorance
    b.    Appeal to Inappropriate Authority
    c.    False Cause
        i.    Post hoc ergo propter hoc
        ii.    Slippery slope
    d.    Hasty Generalization
III.    Fallacies of Presumption
    a.    Accident
    b.    Complex Question
    c.    Begging the Question
IV.    Fallacies of Ambiguity
    a.    Equivocation
    b.    Amphiboly
    c.    Accent
    d.    Composition
    e.    Division
V. Slanters
    a. Euphemism
    b. Dysphemism
    c. Rhetorical Definition
    d. Stereotype
    e. Innuendo
    f. Weaseler
    g. Downplayer
    h. Ridicule
    i. Proof Surrogate
    j. Rhetorical Analogy

You should be able to match the name of the fallacy or slanter to its definition.
You should be able to identify the fallacy or slanter committed in a passage that you read.

In addition to the fallacies, you should be able to perform the following tasks:

Articulate the 5 features of Darwin's Theory of Evolution.
Explain the 5 features we would expect of any good scientific explanation.
Explain the 3 criteria scientists use to decide among competing hypotheses.