Phil 102B: Quizzes

Quiz 1
  1. What is cultural ethical relativism? (2.5 points)
  2. What is one objection to cultural ethical relativism that we discussed in class? (2.5 points)
  3. What is the supreme moral principle for Aquinas? (2.5 points)
  4. Briefly describe one of the natural inclinations Aquinas uses in deriving specific moral obligations (1.5 points). What is a specific moral duty or obligation derived from that inclination (1 point)?
Quiz 2
  1. What is the naturalistic fallacy (2 points)? Give an example (3 points).
  2. State Kant's Formula of Humanity. (2 points)
  3. Explain how Kant uses the Formula of Humanity to show that it is wrong to make a lying promise. (3 points)
Quiz 3
  1. According to Aristotle, what is one candidate for the highest good that he ultimately rejects (1 point)? Why does he reject it (2 points)?
  2. According to Aristotle, what is a function (2 points)? What is a virtue (2 points)? Give an example to illustrates these concepts (3 points).
Quiz 4
  1. What is Mill’s Harm Principle (3 points)? How does he justify it (2 points)?
  2. What sorts of individuals does Mill exclude from the Harm Principle (2 points)?
  3. Briefly describe one argument Mill gives in favor of a right to freedom of speech (3 points)?
Quiz 5
  1. According to Dworkin, what is paternalism (2 points)? What does he think justifies it (2 points)?
  2. According to Dworkin, what two principles must be satisfied in order for a paternalistic law to be justified? (2 points each)
  3. How does Szasz respond to the argument that drugs should remain illegal because they are harmful to the user? (2 points)
Quiz 6
  1. Briefly describe the decision in Griswold v. Connecticut (1965). (3 points)
  2. Briefly describe the reasoning and impact of the decision in Lawrence v. Texas  (2003). (3 points)
  3. Briefly explain the reasoning used by the Vatican to argue that homosexuality is immoral. (4 points)
Quiz 7

  1. According to Nussbaum, what is the function/purpose of marriage? (2 points)
  2. How does Nussbaum define homosexuality (2 points)? How does Nussbaum define sexual conduct (2 points)?
  3. According to Jordan, what is the parity thesis (2 points)?
  4. According to Jordan, what is the difference thesis (2 points)?
    Bonus Question (2 points): In what realm does Jordan think the parity thesis applies? In what realm does the difference thesis apply?
Quiz 8
  1. What is one reason for why corn was so successful in the New World (2 points)?
  2. What is monoculture farming (2 points)? What is one benefit of this farming technique (2 points)?
  3. In class I contrasted a pastoral and an industrial view of farming. What are two differences between these two approaches (2 points each)?