Phil 110 S11: Final Exam Study Guide

Part I: For the Final you should know the definitions of the following terms for fill-in-the-blank questions:
  • Ethical Skeptics
  • Ethical Relativists
  • Ethical Absolutists
  • Teleological Ethical Theories
  • Deontological Ethical Theories
  • Formula of Universal Law
  • Greatest Happiness Principle
  • Principle of Impartiality
  • Principle of Universality
  • Function
  • Virtue
  • Vice
Part II: For the Final Exam you should be able to address the following points:
  • Describe Kant's four character types and explain which is the most moral.
  • Describe Kant's Formula of Universal Law.
  • Explain how Kant uses the Formula of Universal Law to show that it is wrong to make a lying promise.
  • Explain Mill's Greatest Happiness Principle.
  • Explain the Principles of Impartiality and Universality.
  • Explain the "Doctrine fit only for swine" objection to Utilitarianism and Mill's response.
  • Explain Aristotle's concept of the Highest Good.
  • Explain the candidates for happiness that Aristotle considers and his reasons for rejecting them.
  • Explain Aristotle's conception of a function and the associated concepts of vice and virtue and illustrate all of these with an example.
  • Explain Aristotle's conception of the function for human beings.
  • Explain the two types of virtues Aristotle considers.
  • Explain what a moral virtue is (including the three parts of a moral virtue) and give an example.
  • Explain Nietzsche's Genealogical Method.
  • Explain Master Morality and Slave Morality and identify the major differences between them.
  • Explain what Nietzsche finds problematic about Slave Morality.
Part III: Finally, you should consider the moral perspective of the film Crimes and Misdemeanors and compare that moral perspective to the moral theories of the other philosopher we have studied this unit.