Phil 115 S14: Exam 1 Study Guide

Part I: Fill-in-the-blank questions. You should know the definitions of the following words for fill-in-the-blank questions. A word bank will be provided on the exam.
  • Philosophy
  • Epistemology
  • Metaphysics
  • Axiology
  • Monism
  • Materialism
  • Socratic Method
  • Theory of Forms
  • Noumenal Realm
  • Phenomenal Realm
  • Platonic Dualism
Part II: Short Answer Questions. You should be able to explain the following concepts:
  • The characteristics of religion and the difference between religion and philosophy.
  • What a Hylacist is, as well as identify the major Hylacists and their conceptions of the fundamental nature of reality.
  • The major metaphysical and ethical views of the Pythagoreans.
  • The epistemological and metaphysical views of the Eliatics.
  • Zeno's paradox(es).
  • The epistemological and metaphysical views of Heraclitus.
  • What a pluralist is, as well as identify the major pluralists and their conceptions of the fundamental nature of reality.
  • The metaphysical views of Anaxagoras.
  • The two Socrates that appear in Plato's work.
  • The reasons why Plato would use Socrates as a mouthpiece for his own work.
  • The steps in the Socratic Method.
  • The definitions of holiness/piety articulated in the Euthyphro and Socrates' reasons for rejecting them.
  • The Euthyphro Dilemma.
  • The structure of an Athenian trial.
  • The charges levelled against Socrates at his trial.
  • The Story of the Oracle of Delphi, and the reason Socrates relates it.
  • Socrates' conception of true wisdom.
  • The response Socrates gives to the charges that he is corrupting the youth and that he is an atheist.
  • Socrates' conception of the best life.
  • Socrates' account of the role of the philosopher.
  • The Sun Analogy
  • The Line Analogy
  • The Allegory of the Cave and the major conclusions we should draw from it.