Phil 115 S14: Final Exam Study Guide

For the Final Exam on Tuesday, May 27 from 12:00-2:00 PM in F-716, you will need to know the following information:

Part I: Fill-in-the-blank: You should know the definitions of the following terms:
  • Natural Evil
  • Moral Evil
  • Theodicy
  • Eternity
  • Infinity
  • Scholasticism
  • Ontological Argument
  • Cosmological Argument
  • Teleological Argument

Part II: Short Answer: You should be prepared to answer explain the following concepts:
  • What characterizes Medieval Philosophy.
  • The Problem of Evil.
  • The two kinds of evil we discussed.
  • The accounts of evil that Augustine considers and his reasons for rejecting or accepting them.
  • Augustine's account of Free Will and how it resolves the problem of evil.
  • Boethius' account of how we can reconcile chance or randomness with God's Providence.
  • Boethius' articulation of the Free Will Problem.
  • Boethius' hierarchy of cognitive faculties and how it relates to the problem of free will.
  • The distinction between eternity and infinity and how it resolves the problem of free will.
  • Anselm's Ontological Argument.
  • Anselm's resolution of the burrito paradox.
  • Guanilo's two responses to Anselm
  • Anslem's response to Guanilo's response.
  • The difference between positive and negative theology.
  • Maimonides' reasons for thinking that only negative theology is correct.
  • Aquinas's objections to the ontological argument.
  • Aquinas' five arguments for the existence of God.
  • Aquinas' conception of the natural law.
  • Aquinas' account of the Supreme Moral Principle
  • Aquinas' account of the three sorts of inclinations we possess and the different obligations and duties derived from each.