Phil 100 S15: Exam 1 Study Guide

Part I: You should know the definitions of the following terms:
  • Antecedent
  • Cogent
  • Conditional
  • Conjunction
  • Conjunct
  • Connotation
  • Consequent
  • Contingent
  • Contradiction
  • Definiens
  • Definiendum
  • Denotation
  • Disjunction
  • Disjunct
  • Invalid
  • Necessary Condition
  • Negation
  • Not Cogent
  • Not Sound
  • Sound
  • Strong
  • Sufficient Condition
  • Tautology
  • Valid
  • Weak
Part II: Short Answer Questions
  • You should be able to explain and give examples of the five functions of language.
  • You should be able to articulate and explain the three reasons Baillargeon gives for why he wrote A Short Course in Intellectual Self-Defense.
  • You should be able to articulate and give examples of the four functions of definitions.
  • You should be able to articulate and give examples of the three ways to define.
  • Identify and explain the three common types of inductive arguments we discussed (Enumerative Induction, Analogical Induction, Inference to the Best Explanation) and some of the issue we must be sensitive to in evaluating the strength or weakness of each of them.
Part III: You should know the truth tables for the four logical connectives we studied in class:
    1. Negation (~)
    2. Conjunction  (•)
    3. Disjunction (∨)
    4. Conditional  (⊃)
  • You should be able to articulate the two senses of the word "or."
  • You should be able to determine the truth or falsity of a proposition when given the truth values of the component propositions.
  • You should be able to use a truth table to determine the validity or invalidity of an argument.

Part IV: You should be able to identify and explain the following deceptive features of language:
  1. Euphemism
  2. Dysphemism
  3. Vagueness
  4. Equivocation
  5. Amphibology
  6. Accentuation
  7. Eduction
  8. Weasel Words
  9. Jargon