Phil 100 Su15: Exam 1 Study Guide

Part I: You should know the definitions of the following terms:
  • Antecedent
  • Cogent
  • Conditional
  • Conjunction
  • Conjunct
  • Connotation
  • Consequent
  • Contingent
  • Contradiction
  • Definiens
  • Definiendum
  • Denotation
  • Disjunction
  • Disjunct
  • Invalid
  • Necessary Condition
  • Negation
  • Not Cogent
  • Not Sound
  • Sound
  • Strong
  • Sufficient Condition
  • Tautology
  • Valid
  • Weak
Part II: Short Answer Questions
  • You should be able to explain and give examples of the five functions of language.
  • You should be able to articulate and explain the three reasons Baillargeon gives for why he wrote A Short Course in Intellectual Self-Defense.
  • You should be able to articulate and give examples of the four functions of definitions.
  • You should be able to articulate and give examples of the three ways to define.
Part III: You should know the truth tables for the four logical connectives we studied in class:
    1. Negation (~)
    2. Conjunction  (•)
    3. Disjunction (∨)
    4. Conditional  (⊃)
  • You should be able to articulate the two senses of the word "or."
  • You should be able to use a truth table to determine the validity or invalidity of an argument.

Part IV: You should be able to identify and explain the following deceptive features of language:
  1. Euphemism
  2. Dysphemism
  3. Vagueness
  4. Equivocation
  5. Amphibology
  6. Accentuation
  7. Eduction
  8. Weasel Words
  9. Jargon
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