Phil 101 F13.12: Exam 2 Study Guide

You should know the definitions of the following terms:
  • Antecedent
  • Biconditional
  • Conditional
  • Conjunction
  • Conjunct
  • Consequent
  • Contingent
  • Contradiction
  • Disjunction
  • Disjunct
  • Invalid
  • Logical Equivalence
  • Necessary Condition
  • Negation
  • Sufficient Condition
  • Tautology
  • Valid
You should know the truth tables for the five logical connectives we studied in class:
  1. Negation (~)
  2. Conjunction  (•)
  3. Disjunction (∨)
  4. Conditional  (⊃)
  5. Biconditional or Material Equivalence (≡)
You should be able to explain the difference between the inclusive and exclusive sense of "or."
You should be able to provide a truth table for a proposition.

You should be able to use a truth table to determine the validity or invalidity of an argument.
You should be able to symbolize a proposition and an argument.
You should be able to identify Argument Forms, Substitution Instance and the Specific Form of arguments.
You should be able to explain the three "Laws of Thought"
You should be able to recognize the following common argument forms:
  1. Disjunctive Syllogism
  2. Modus Ponens
  3. Modus Tollens
  4. Hypothetical Syllogism
  5. Fallacy of Affirming the Consequent
  6. Fallacy of Denying the Antecedent