Phil 101.12 F13: Schedule and Syllabus

PHILOSOPHY 101: Introduction to Logic
Fall 2013
Section 10 CRN: 1212    TR 7:00-8:20    Location: Serra Hall 116

INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Ian Duckles
          Office Hours: Tuesdays and Thursdays 4:30-5:30 PM or by appointment
          Office: Founder's Hall 168A

TEXTBOOKIntroduction to Logic, 14th Edition, Irving M. Copi, Carl Cohen, and Kenneth McMahon. Pearson, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2009. (This text is required. We will use it daily in class.) You may use the 13th or 12th edition of the text. The 13th edition is almost identical to the 14th (the major difference is that the 14th edition is in color), the 12th edition is similar, but its differences from the other two are much more significant.

COURSE DESCRIPTION: “The study of arguments, including basic principles of traditional logic together with an introduction to modern sentential logic. Topics include recognizing arguments, premises, conclusions, induction and deduction, fallacies, categorical syllogisms, and sentential inference forms” (USD Course Catalog). This course satisfies the logic requirement.

COURSE OBJECTIVES: During this course, students will be asked to do some or all of the following:
1.    Distinguish arguments from non-arguments
2.    Distinguish deductive arguments from inductive arguments
3.    Identify the premises and conclusion of arguments
4.    Identify types of informal fallacies
5.    Test arguments for validity using Venn diagrams and/or truth tables and indirect truth tables
6.    Distinguish necessary and sufficient conditions
7.    Translate sentences into propositional logic
8.    Apply the techniques of natural deduction to proving arguments (this may include reduction and conditional proofs)

COURSE CALENDAR (topics and important dates included):
(Homework will be due daily and assignments will be announced in class. Do not be concerned if we fall ahead or behind on this schedule. The most important goal is that everyone understand the concepts and problems. This schedule is subject to change. All changes will be announced in class and posted on the course website). All page numbers refer to the 14th edition of the text. Users of the 13th edition should just read the relevant sections listed below (again, they are identical to the 14th edition, just not in color and with different page numbers).

Week 1: Introduction
Thursday, September 5: Introduction, Chapter 1: Basic Logical Concepts (pp. 2-33)
Week 2: Analyzing Arguments
Tuesday September 10 Continue Basic Logical Concepts
Homework: Take a look at Obama's speech on Syria and identify one argument from that speech. Then identify the premises and the conclusion of that argument. Is it deductive or inductive? Valid/Not valid or strong/weak? Sound/not sound or cogent/not cogent?

Thursday, September 12: Chapter 2.1: Analyzing Arguments; Paraphrasing (pp. 34-38)
Homework: Pages 36-37 (Problem set at end of section 2.1), #'s 1-6, 8.

Week 3: Fallacies 
September 17: Chapter 2.2-2.3: Diagramming Arguments (pp. 38-54)
Homework: Page 45, #'s 6-9; page 53 #3.

September 19: Chapter 4.1-4.3 Fallacies (pp. 105-120)
Homework: Pages 121-124: Problem Set A, #'s 1-15.

Week 4: Fallacies
September 24: Chapter 4.4-4.6 Fallacies (pp. 126-156)
Homework: Find examples of each of the fallacies we discussed in class today (the Fallacies of defective Induction).

September 26: Fallacies Continued
Homework: Pages 138-140 #'s 1-10; Pages 148-149, #'s 1-10.
Week 5: First Exam 
October 1: Review for Exam

October 3: First Examination (20% of Overall Final Grade)
Week 6: Symbolic Logic
October 8: Chapter 8.1-8.2 (pp. 287-297)
Homework: Pages 298-300: Problem Set A #'s 21-25; Problem Set B #'s 21-25; Problem Set C #'s 21-25.

October 10: Chapter 8.3 (pp. 300-308)
Homework: Pages 308-31: Problem Set A #'s 21-25; Problem Set B #'s 16-25.

Week 7: Symbolic Logic
October 15: Chapter 8.4-8.6 (pp. 310-316)
Homework: Page 322: Problem Set B, #'s 2, 4, 6, 8, 10.

October 17: Chapter 8.7-8.10 (pp. 316-336)
Homework: Pages 322-23: Problem Set C, #'s 6-10.

Week 8: Symbolic Logic
October 22: Continue Symbolic Logic
Homework: Read Section 8.10 (333-335), and then write a short (one page max) response in which you evaluate the three “Laws of Thought.” Do you think these three laws are true or accurate? Do they describe how the world really is? Why or why not?
October 24: Continue Symbolic Logic

Week 9: Second Exam 
October 29: Review for Exam

October 31: Second Examination (20% of Overall Final Grade)

Week 10: Methods of Deduction
November 5: Chapter 9.1-9.2 (pp. 337-344)
Homework: Pages 347-348, #'s 6-10. 

November 7: Chapter 9.3-9.5 (pp. 345-354)
Homework: Page 350 #'s 21-25; Page 352 #'s 7-10.

Week 11: Methods of Deduction
November 12: Extra Day
Homework: Page 352 #'s 11-15.

November 14: Chapter 9.6 (pp. 357-363)
Homework: Pages 353-354, #'s 6-10; Page 355 #'s 1-5.

Week 12: Methods of Deduction
November 19: Chapter 9.7-9.8 Natural Deduction (pp. 364-383)
Homework: Page 364 #'s 1-20.

November 21: Extra Day
Homework: Pages 370-371 #'s 6-10.

Week 13: Methods of Deduction
November 26: Chapter 9.9-9.12 Invalidity (383-396)
Homework: Page 373 #'s 5-10.

November 28: No Class. Enjoy your Thanksgiving!

Week 14: Methods of Deduction
December 3: Extra Day

December 5: Extra Day
Homework: Page 375 #'s 7-15.

Week 15: Review
December 10: Extra Day
Homework: Page 377 #'s 4-10.

December 12: Review for Final

The Final Exam for this course will be on Tuesday, December 17 from 8 - 10:00 PM in Serra Hall 116

20% Midterm Examination 1
20% Midterm Examination 2
20% Final Examination
20% Homework (Homework will be due at the start of the class for which it is assigned. I will not accept late assignments)
20% Quizzes (These will be given weekly at the start of class, they cannot be made up if missed)

A: 93-100 %

A-: 90-92 %

B+: 88-89 %

B: 83-87 %
B-: 80-82 %
C+: 78-79 %

C: 70-77 %
D: 60-69 %
F:  <60 %

Student Responsibility to Drop/Withdraw: It is the student’s responsibility to officially add, drop, or withdraw from the course stated in the class schedule. Failure to do so can result in a failing grade.

Class Attendance: A student may be disenrolled from the course after two absences; however, a student will be disenrolled from the course after three absences without exception. (This count will begin at the first session of Week 2.) ATTENDANCE IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THIS PARTICULAR COURSE.

Tardiness/Early Departure: If a student arrives unreasonably late or leaves early without notifying the instructor before the event, then that student will be considered absent for that class session.

Professionalism: It is assumed that students will conduct themselves in a professional manner with a positive attitude. An open mind is one of the most important tools required for success in academia. If a student is negative and feels as is there is nothing of value to be gained by the college experience or this course, he or she will not do well in this course.

Academic Integrity and Conduct: Plagiarism, cheating and poor student conduct will not be tolerated. Students are expected to familiarize themselves with the USD Integrity Policy. This can be found at

Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: Students with disabilities who may need accommodations in this class are encouraged to notify the instructor and Disability Services. Information can be found at

TIPS FOR SUCCESS IN THIS COURSE (Thanks to Professor June Yang):
  1. Be optimistic about your ability to learn from the textbook, the instructor, and each other.
  2. Do all homework. It will be collected every time, and spot-checked.
  3. Do all assigned reading.
  4. If you find you fall behind in your understanding, contact the instructor.
  5. Be prepared to spend time outside of class working on class material, doing readings, homework, preparing for quizzes and exams, etc.
  6. Have confidence in your ability to do the work.
  7. Ask questions if you don't understand something.
  8. Remember that you are gifted with more education and intelligence than many persons on this planet. If you try, you are sure to get it, or at least most of it!
  9. Remember that we are all here to learn.