PHILOSOPHY 101: Introduction to Logic Spring 2011 Section 20 MW 2:30-3:50 Location: Camino Hall 119 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Ian DucklesEmail: imduckles@gmail.com Office Hours: Monday 4:00 PM – 6:00 PM; or by appointment Office: Founder's Hall 168A TEXTBOOK: Introduction to Logic, 14th Edition, Irving M. Copi, Carl Cohen, and Kenneth McMahon. Pearson, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2009. (This text is required. We will use it daily in class.) You may use the 13th or 12th edition of the text. The 13th edition is almost identical to the 14th (the major difference is that the 14th edition is in color), the 12th edition is similar, but its differences between the other two are much more significant.COURSE DESCRIPTION: “The study of arguments, including basic principles of traditional logic together with an introduction to modern sentential logic. Topics include recognizing arguments, premises, conclusions, induction and deduction, fallacies, categorical syllogisms, and sentential inference forms” (USD Course Catalog). This course satisfies the logic requirement.COURSE OBJECTIVES: During this course, students will be asked to do some or all of the following:1. Distinguish arguments from non-arguments 2. Distinguish deductive arguments from inductive arguments 3. Identify the premises and conclusion of arguments 4. Identify types of informal fallacies 5. Test arguments for validity using Venn diagrams and/or truth tables and indirect truth tables 6. Distinguish necessary and sufficient conditions 7. Translate sentences into propositional logic 8. Apply the techniques of natural deduction to proving arguments (this may include reduction and conditional proofs) COURSE CALENDAR (topics and important dates included):(Homework will be due daily and assignments will be announced in class. Do not be concerned if we fall ahead or behind on this schedule. The most important goal is that everyone understand the concepts and problems. This schedule is subject to change. All changes will be announced in class and posted on the course website). All page numbers refer to the 14th edition of the text. Users of the 13th edition should just read the relevant sections listed below (again, they are identical to the 14th edition, just not in color and with different page numbers). Week 1: Introduction
Monday, January 24: Introduction, Chapter 1: Basic Logical Concepts (pp. 2-33)Wednesday, January 26: Continue Chapter 1 Homework: Page 32, #'s 1-8. (Last exercise in Chapter 1) Week 2: Analyzing ArgumentsJanuary 31: Chapter 2.1: Analyzing Arguments; Paraphrasing (pp. 34-38)
Homework: Pages 36-38, #'s 1-10. (Exercise after Section 2.1) February 2: Chapter 2.2-2.3: Diagramming Arguments (pp. 38-54)
Homework: Pages 44-45, #'s 1-10 (Exercise A after Section 2.2) Week 3: Fallacies February 7: Continue DiagrammingHomework: Page 52-53 #'s 1-4 (Exercise after5 section 2.3). February 9: Chapter 4.1-4.3 Fallacies (pp. 105-120)
Week 4: FallaciesFebruary 14: Chapter 4.4-4.6 Fallacies (pp. 126-156)
Homework: Pages 121-124, Section A, #'s 1-15 (first problem set after Chapter 4.3) February 16: Fallacies Continued
Homework: Page 150-154 Problem Set C. Last problem set in Chapter 4. Week 5: First Exam February 21: Review for Exam
February 23: First Examination (20% of Overall Final Grade)
Week 6: Symbolic LogicFebruary 28: Chapter 8.1-8.2 (pp. 287-297)
March 2: Chapter 8.3 (pp. 300-308)
Homework for 13th Edition: Page 340, Section A #’s 11-25; Section C #’s 1-5 symbolize and give a truth table, #’s 16-25 just symbolize. Homework for 14th Edition: Page 308, Section A #’s 11-25; Section B #’s 1-5 symbolize and give a truth table, #’s 16-25 just symbolize. Week 7: Symbolic LogicMarch 7: Chapter 8.4-8.6 (pp. 310-316) Homework 13th edition Page 355, Section A #’s 1-20 even Homework 14th edition Page 322, Section A #’s 1-20 even March 9: Chapter 8.7-8.10 (pp. 316-336) Homework 13th edition Page 355, Section B Homework 14th edition Page 322, Section B Week 8: Spring Break!!Week 9: Symbolic LogicMarch 21: Continue Symbolic Logic
Homework: Read Section 8-10 13th Edition: Page 356 Section C; Page 362 Section C, Odd #'s 14th Edition: Page 322 Section C; Page 329 Section C, Odd #'s March 23: Continue Symbolic Logic
Week 10: Second Exam March 28: Review for Exam
March 30: Second Examination (20% of Overall Final Grade)
Week 11: Methods of DeductionApril 4: Chapter 9.1-9.2 (pp. 337-344)Homework: Finish the problem set at the end of chapter 9.3; For the problem set at the end of chapter 9.4 do #'s 1-10. April 6: Chapter 9.3-9.5 (pp. 345-354)Homework: Problem set at end of Section 9.4 #'s 11-20; First problem set in Section 9.5 #'s 5-10. Week 12: Methods of DeductionApril 11: Extra DayHomework: Problem set at end of Section 9.4 #'s 21-30; First problem set in Section 9.5 #'s 11-15.April 13: Chapter 9.6 (pp. 357-363)Section 9.5 problem set B #'s 1-5. Don't work too hard on these if you can't figure out how to do them. Week 13: Methods of DeductionApril 18: Chapter 9.7-9.8 Natural Deduction (pp. 364-383)Homework: Section 9.5 problem set B #'s 6-10.April 20: Extra DayHomework: Section 9.8: Problem Set A #'s 1-10; Problems Set B #'s 1-10. Week 14: Methods of DeductionApril 25: EASTER BREAK; NO CLASSApril 27: Chapter 9.9-9.12 Invalidity (383-396)
Homework: Section 9.5 Problem Set C #'s 3-7; Section 9.8 Problem Set B #'s 11-20. Week 15: Methods of DeductionMay 2: Extra DayHomework: Section 9.8 Exercise Set B #'s 21-25; Exercise Set C #'s 6-10. May 4: Extra DayHomework: Section 9.5 Problem Set C #'s 8-10; Section 9.8 Problem Set B #'s 26-30, Problem Set C #'s 11-15. Week 16: ReviewMay 9: Review for FinalThe Final Exam for this course will be on Monday, May 16 from 2 - 4:00 PM in Camino Hall 119
STUDENT EVALUATION:20% Midterm Examination 1 A: 90-100 % B: 80-89 % C: 70-79 % D: 60-69 % F: <60 % ACADEMIC POLICIES:Student Responsibility to Drop/Withdraw: It is the student’s responsibility to officially add, drop, or withdraw from the course stated in the class schedule. Failure to do so can result in a failing grade.Class Attendance: A student may be disenrolled from the course after two absences; however, a student will be disenrolled from the course after three absences without exception. (This count will begin at the first session of Week 2.) ATTENDANCE IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THIS PARTICULAR COURSE.Tardiness/Early Departure: If a student arrives unreasonably late or leaves early without notifying the instructor before the event, then that student will be considered absent for that class session.Professionalism: It is assumed that students will conduct themselves in a professional manner with a positive attitude. An open mind is one of the most important tools required for success in academia. If a student is negative and feels as is there is nothing of value to be gained by the college experience or this course, he or she will not do well in this course.Academic Integrity and Conduct: Plagiarism, cheating and poor student conduct will not be tolerated. Students are expected to familiarize themselves with the USD Integrity Policy. This can be found at http://www.sandiego.edu/honorcouncil/integrity.php.Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: Students with disabilities who may need accommodations in this class are encouraged to notify the instructor and Disability Services. Information can be found at http://www.sandiego.edu/disability/. |

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