Phil 102A F18: Exam 1 Study Guide

Part I: Fill-in-the-Blank. You should know the definitions of the following vocabulary terms. A word bank will be provided on the exam. 
  • Philosophy
  • Epistemology
  • Metaphysics
  • Axiology
  • Empiricism
  • tabula rasa
  • a posteriori
  • Rationalism
  • innate ideas
  • a priori
  • Common-sense skepticism
  • Methodological skepticism
  • Absolute skepticism
  • Primary quality
  • Secondary quality
  • Indirect Realism
  • Subjective Idealism
  • Analytic Statements
  • Synthetic Statements
  • Induction
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following:
  • The structure of an Athenian Trial.
  • The three charges leveled against Socrates.
  • The Socratic Method
  • Socrates's story about the Oracle at Delphi, including the conclusion we should draw from it. 
  • Socrates' conception of the role of the philosopher. 
  • Descartes' three forms of doubt including: the nature of the doubt; the beliefs called into question by that form of doubt; the beliefs that survive that form of doubt.
  • The difference between Primary and Secondary qualities.
  • Berkeley's two sorts of ideas.
  • The meaning of the phrase "esse is percipi" and its relevance to Berkeley.
  • Berkeley's three responses to Locke.
  • How Berkeley accounts for the seeming independence objects have from us. 
  • Hume's distinction between ideas and impressions.
  • The two arguments Hume gives for the claim that all ideas are derived from some impression.
  • Hume's account of the difference between Relation of Ideas and Matters of Fact.
  • Hume's account of the source of our idea of causality.
  • The Problem of Induction. 
  • Ayer's view of what counts as knowledge (Justified True Belief)
  • Gettier's criticism of Ayer and the Justified True Belief account of knowledge.
Part III: Essay. You should be prepared to write an essay in which you relate the film 12 Angry Men to two of the authors we have studied. The essay should be 1-2 pages long.