Phil 103 F16: Exam 2 Study Guide

Part I: Fill in the Blank. You should know the definitions of the following words for fill in the blank questions. A word bank will be provided:
  • Neoplatonism
  • Skepticism
  • ex nihilo 
  • Great Chain of Being
  • Natural Evil
  • Moral Evil
  • Free Will Theodicy
  • Natural Law Theory
  • Doctrine of Double Effect
  • Negative Theology
  • Mysticism
  • Principle of Parsimony
  • Realism
  • Conceptualism
  • Nominalism
  • Cartesian Dualism
  • Distributive Justice
  • Tabula Rasa
  • Analytic Statement
  • Synthetic Statement
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts (Note, we may not cover all of these in class before the exam. If we don't get to it in class it won't be on the exam):
  • Explain Augustine's response to skepticism.
  • Explain the Hierarchy of Being.
  • Explain the Problem of Evil and Augustine's Response
  • Name and give a brief description of each of the three types of arguments for God's Existence.
  • Explain Anselm's Ontological Argument and articulate one objection to it.
  • Explain one version of Aquinas' Cosmological Argument.
  • Explain Natural Law Theory and how it would be used to show that homosexuality is immoral. 
  • Explain the Doctrine of Double-Effect
  • Identity the remaining Medieval Philosophers that we discussed in class and identify one key idea associated with each of them. 
  • Explain the three sources of doubt Descartes considers. For each source of doubt you should be able to explain the nature of that doubt, the beliefs that form of doubt calls into question, and the beliefs that survive that form of doubt. 
  • Explain Descartes' Cogito argument.
  • Explain Descartes argument for Cartesian Dualism.
  • Explain the Cartesian Circle.
  • Explain the two features of every social contract theory.
  • Explain Hobbes' conception of the State of Nature and his solution for how we can escape it. 
  • Explain the two types of "perceptions of the mind" discussed by Hume. How do we tell the difference?
  • Explain the difference between Hume's account of Relations of Ideas and Matters of Fact.
  • Explain Hume's account of the source for our idea of causality.
  • Explain the Problem of Induction.
Part III: Essay. Pick a Medieval Philosopher. Explain that philosopher's main position. How did that philosopher go on to influence subsequent philosophers such as Descartes, Hobbes, and Hume (you needn't discuss all three, but you should discuss at least one of them)?