Phil 103 F19: Exam 1 Study Guide

Part I: Fill in the Blank. You should know the definitions of the following words for fill in the blank questions. A word bank will be provided:
  • Philosophy
  • Philosophical Method
  • Metaphysics
  • Epistemology
  • Axiology
  • Logic
  • Rationalism
  • Empiricism
  • reductio ad absurdum
  • Sophists
  • Relativism
  • Noumenal
  • Phenomenal
  • Teleology
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts:
  • For each of the major Pre-Socratics we studied you should be able to say what that person thinks is the fundamental constituent(s) of reality and why they think that:
    • Thales
    • Anaximander
    • Pythagoras
    • Heraclitus
    • Parmenides
    • Democritus
    • Empedocles
  • Why is Thales considered the first philosopher?
  • Explain Zeno's paradox.
  • Explain the Socratic Method.
  • Explain Socrates' story about the Oracle at Delphi, and the relevance of this story.
  • Explain the meaning of Socratic Ignorance
  • Explain Socrates' conception of the role of the philosopher.
  • Explain Plato's Theory of Forms
  • Explain Plato's Allegory of the cave as well as the implications we can draw from this allegory. 
  • Explain the story of the Ring of Gyges and its significance in the Republic
  • Explain Plato's account of the tripartite division of the soul and how he uses this account to explain justice.
  • Explain Plato's conception of the three parts of the state and his account of justice in the state.
  • Explain Aristotle's hylomorphism (Form and Matter)
  • Explain Aristotle's four causes and illustrate them with an example. 
Part III: Essay. You should be prepared to write an essay answering the following question: Write a paper in which you discuss two important Pre-Socratic philosophers who influenced Plato's thought. You should articulate Plato's position and then explain how each of the two philosophers you chose influenced that philosophical position.