Phil 103 F19: Exam 2 Study Guide

Part I: Fill in the Blank. You should know the definitions of the following words for fill in the blank questions. A word bank will be provided:
  • Teleology
  • Good
  • Highest Good
  • convivencia
  • Neoplatonism
  • Skepticism
  • ex nihilo 
  • Great Chain of Being
  • Natural Evil
  • Moral Evil
  • Free Will Theodicy
  • Natural Law Theory
  • Mysticism
  • Cartesian Dualism
  • Distributive Justice
  • Analytic Statement
  • Synthetic Statement
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts (Note, we may not cover all of these in class before the exam. If we don't get to it in class it won't be on the exam):
  • Explain Aristotle's Prime Mover Argument. 
  • Explain Aristotle's conception of the Highest Good.
  • Explain Aristotle's conception of a Function and the related concepts of Virtue and Vice and illustrate them with an example.
  • Explain the three main strands of Medieval thought. 
  • Explain Augustine's response to skepticism.
  • Explain the Problem of Evil and Augustine's Response.
  • Explain Avicenna's argument for the existence of God.
  • Explain Avicenna's Flying Man argument and the purpose that it serves for him. 
  • Explain Maimonides' account of the relationship between religion and philosophy. 
  • Explain Aquinas' Cosmological Argument for the existence of God.
  • Explain Natural Law Theory and how it would be used to show that homosexuality is immoral. 
  • Explain the four qualities of a mystical experience according to William James. 
  • Explain the three sources of doubt Descartes considers. For each source of doubt you should be able to explain the nature of that doubt, the beliefs that form of doubt calls into question, and the beliefs that survive that form of doubt. 
  • Explain Descartes' Cogito argument.
  • Explain Descartes argument for Cartesian Dualism.
  • Explain the Cartesian Circle.
  • Explain the two features of every social contract theory.
  • Explain Hobbes' conception of the State of Nature and his solution for how we can escape it. 
  • Explain the two types of "perceptions of the mind" discussed by Hume. How do we tell the difference?
  • Explain Hume's two arguments for the claim that all ideas can be traced back to some original impression or impressions. 
  • Explain the difference between Hume's account of Relations of Ideas and Matters of Fact.
  • Explain Hume's account of the source for our idea of causality.
  • Explain Hume's Problem of Induction.
Part III: Essay. Pick a Medieval Philosopher. Explain that philosopher's main position. How was that philosopher influenced by the Greek (Presocratic, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle) philosophical tradition?