Phil 103 F19: Final Exam Study Guide

Part I: Fill in the Blank. You should know the definitions of the following words for fill in the blank questions. A word bank will be provided:
  • Analytic Statement
  • Synthetic Statement
  • a priori
  • a posteriori
  • Moral Theory
  • Consequentialist Theories
  • Deontological Theories
  • Hypothetical Imperative
  • Categorical Imperative
  • Will to Power
  • Ubermensch
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts:
  • How Hume prompted Kant to awaken from his "dogmatic slumber." 
  • The nature and implications of Kant's "Copernican Revolution" i.e. how synthetic a priori knowledge is possible. 
  • How Kant's account of causality responds to Hume's skepticism. 
  • Kant's analysis of the Formula of Humanity and how he uses it to show that it is wrong to make a lying promise. 
  • The five major features of existentialism.
  • Kierkegaard's critique of Christianity.
  • Kierkegaard's criticism of Reason and Systematic Philosophy.
  • Kierkegaard's concept of the "Leap of Faith."
  • Nietzsche's concept of the "Will to Power."
  • The differences between slave and master morality.
  • Derrida's Criticism of interpretation and its significance for the history of philosophy.  

Part III: Essay. Explain how Kant's Copernican Revolution influenced the views of one of the existentialist authors we studied (or another existentialist of your choosing). In answering this question you must be sure to explain what Kant's Copernican Revolution was as well as the views of the existentialist you will be discussing.