Phil 104A S17: Final Exam Study Guide

Part I: Fill in the Blank. You should know the definitions of the following words for fill in the blank questions. A word bank will be provided:
  • Neoplatonism
  • Privation Model of Evil
  • Skepticism
  • ex nihilo 
  • Great Chain of Being
  • Natural Evil
  • Moral Evil
  • Free Will Theodicy
  • Ontological Argument
  • Cosmological Argument
  • Teleological Argument
  • Omnipotence
  • Omniscience
  • Omnibenevolence
  • Natural Law Theory
  • Doctrine of Double Effect
  • Negative Theology
  • Mysticism
  • Principle of Parsimony
  • Realism
  • Conceptualism
  • Nominalism
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts (Note, we may not cover all of these in class before the exam. If we don't get to it in class it won't be on the exam):
  • Plotinus' hierarchy of being. 
  • Plotinus' account of how this hierarchy comes to be.
  • Plotinus' analysis of the nature of time.
  • Plotinus' metaphysical Problem of evil and his solution to it. 
  • Explain Augustine's response to skepticism.
  • Explain the Hierarchy of Being.
  • Explain the moral Problem of Evil and Augustine's Response
  • Explain Anselm's Ontological Argument and articulate one objection to it.
  • Explain one version of Aquinas' Cosmological Argument.
  • Explain Aquinas's Teleological Argument
  • Explain Natural Law Theory and how it would be used to show that homosexuality is immoral. 
  • Explain the Doctrine of Double-Effect
  • Identify the remaining Medieval Philosophers that we discussed in class and identify one key idea associated with each of them.
Part III: Essay. Pick a Medieval Philosopher. Explain that philosopher's main position. Explain how that philosopher was influenced by earlier Greek and Hellenistic thought.