Phil 104A S19: Exam 1 Study Guide

Part I: Fill in the Blank. You should know the definitions of the following words for fill in the blank questions. A word bank will be provided:
  • Philosophy
  • Philosophical Method
  • Metaphysics
  • Epistemology
  • Axiology
  • Logic
  • Rationalism
  • Empiricism
  • reductio ad absurdum
  • Ancient Atomism
  • Rhetoric
  • Sophists
  • Relativism
  • Aporia
  • Noumenal
  • Phenomenal
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts:
  • For each of the major Pre-Socratics we studied you should be able to say what that person thinks is the fundamental constituent(s) of reality.
    • Thales
    • Anaximander
    • Pythagoras
    • Heraclitus
    • Parmenides
    • Democritus
    • Empedocles
    • Protagoras
  • Why is Thales considered the first philosopher?
  • Explain Parmenides' concept of the one and his argument for it. 
  • Explain one form of Zeno's paradox.
  • Explain Relativism and its significance for today. 
  • Explain some of the major theories has to why Socrates didn't write anything down. 
  • Explain why Socrates is such an important philosophical turning point such that philosophers before him are described as Pre-Socratics. 
  • Explain the Socratic Method
  • Explain the Euthyphro Dilemma.
  • Explain the meaning of Socratic Ignorance
  • Explain Socrates' conception of the role of the philosopher.
  • Explain some of the leading theories as to why Plato used Socrates as the major figure in so many of his dialogues. 
  • Explain Plato's Theory of Forms, what purpose does it serve for Plato? How is it relevant to today?
  • Explain Plato's Allegory of the cave as well as the implications we can draw from this allegory. 
  • Explain the story of the Ring of Gyges and its significance in the Republic
  • Explain Plato's account of the tripartite division of the soul and how he uses this account to explain justice.
  • Explain Plato's conception of three parts of the state and his account of justice in the state.
Part III: Essay. You should be prepared to write an essay answering the following prompt: Identify two pre-Socratic philosophers who were an influence on Plato. Explain their views, and then explain how those views influenced Plato's thought.