Phil 104A S19: Final Exam Study Guide

Part I: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts:
  • Plotinus' Hierarchy of Being
  • Plotinus' account of how the One becomes many
  • Plotinus' account of the soul and its relation to time
  • The Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
  • The three major stands of Medieval Philosophy
  • Augustine's response to the skeptic
  • Negative Theology
  • Al-Kindi's solution to the Problem of Universals
  • Al-Kindi's account of the "first intellect"
  • Al-Farabi's response to Aristotle's Sea Battle problem
  • Al-Farabi's metaphysics
  • Al-Farabi's account of the prophet
  • Anselm's account of the relationship between religion and philosophy
  • The four features of Mysticism as articulated by William James
  • The significance of Hildegard von Bingen
  • Averroes' account of the relationship between religion and philosophy
  • Averroes' solution to the Problem of Universals and Aquinas' objection to it
  • Maimonides' account of the relationship between religion and philosophy
  • Avicenna's account of the difference between Necessary, Contingent, and Impossible truths.
  • Avicenna's argument for the existence of God. 
  • Avicenna's Flying Man/Floating man argument and how he uses this to argue for dualism.
Part II: Essay. You should be prepared to write a 1-2 page essay answering the following prompt: Pick a Medieval Philosopher. Explain that philosopher's main position. Explain how that philosopher was influenced by earlier Greek and Hellenistic thought. Be sure to discuss at least two historical antecedents to your chosen Medieval philosopher.