Phil 104B S18: Exam 2 Study Guide

For the exam you will just need to bring something to write with. 

Part I: Fill-in-the-blank. You should know the definitions of the following terms:
  • Analytic Statement
  • Synthetic Statement
  • a priori
  • a posteriori
  • good will
  • Phenomenal
  • Noumenal
  • Transcendental Deduction
  • Moral Theory
  • Consequentialist Theory
  • Deontological Theory
  • Hypothetical Imperative
  • Categorical Imperative
  • Maxim
  • Libertarianism
  • Paternalism
  • Absolute Idealism
  • panentheism
  • Eschatology
  • Eschaton
  • Dialectical Materialism
  • Capitalism
  • Bourgeosie
  • Proletariat
  • Communism
Part II: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts and ideas:
  • Kant's "dogmatic slumber" and how Hume awakened him from it. 
  • What a synthetic a priori statement is, and why it was so important for Kant to prove their existence.
  • Kant's Copernican Revolution and its significance.
  • Kant's Formula of Universal Law and how he uses it to show that it is wrong to make a lying promise. 
  • Mill Greatest Happiness Principle and the two side principles he uses to help interpret it.
  • The difference between Act and Rule Utilitarianism.
  • Mill's distinction between higher and lower pleasures, his account of how we tell the difference between them, and why this distinction is significant for Mill. 
  • Mill's conception of liberty (the Harm Principle), and some of the implications of this principle of liberty.
  • A major objection to Utilitarianism and Mill's response. 
  • The broad purpose and goal of Hegel's phenomenology.
  • Hegel's master/Slave dialectic.
  • Marx's Dialectical Materialism
  • Marx's criticisms of capitalism and how it will inevitably lead to a communist revolution. 
Part III: Essay. Write a 1-2 page essay on the following prompt: Compare and contrast Kant's and Mill's ethical systems. Explain some of the major similarities and differences. Which system do you think is better? Why?