Phil 104B S18: Final Exam Study Guide

For the exam you will just need to bring something to write with. 

Part I: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts and ideas:
  • The five major themes of existentialism.
  • Kierkegaard's critique of Christianity.
  • Kierkegaard's criticism of Reason and Systematic Philosophy.
  • Explain the three stages on life's way articulated by Kierkegaard. Be sure to explain the defining feature of each stage. 
  • Kierkegaard's concept of the "Leap of Faith."
  • Nietzsche's concept of the "Will to Power" and how it relates to his work in the Genealogy of Morals
  • The differences between slave and master morality.
  • The role of the Übermensch in Nietzsche's philosophy. 
  • Heidegger's conception of Dasein and "Being-in-the-World." 
  • Phenomenology and how it relates to Heidegger's though. 
  • Heidegger's account of the three "existentials": Thrownness, Projection, and Fallenness. 
  • The meaning of the phrase "Existence comes before essence."
  • The differences between Categorical (Aristotelian) Logic, Propositional Logic, and Predicate Logic. 
  • Frege's set theoretical definition of numbers and why this would demonstrate that math is analytic a priori knowledge. 
  • Russell's paradox and why this is such a problem for Frege's views. 
Part II: Essay. You should be prepared to write a 1-2 page essay on the following topic.
Explain how Kant influenced both the existentialist tradition and Frege.