Phil 105 F19: Final Exam Study Guide

Part I: Short Answer. You should be able to explain the following concepts:
  • The four objections to existentialism Sartre considers in his "Existentialism" essay.
  • Sartre's definition of existentialism as "existence precedes essence" and the meaning of the reverse "essence precedes existence."
  • The meaning of Sartre's claim that in choosing myself I am choosing for all of humanity. 
  • Sartre's analysis of the moods of Anguish, Abandonment/Forlornness, and Despair.
  • Sartre's response to the objection that existentialism is a philosophy of inaction.
  • Sartre's response to the objection that existentialism is subjective.
  • Sartre's analysis of bad faith.
  • Sartre's explanation for why Freud's framework can't account for bad faith.
  • Sartre's conception of the self as transcendence and facticity.
  • De Beauvoir's project in the "Ethics of Ambiguity."
  • De Beauvoir's analysis of the framework for existentialist ethics.
  • De Beauvoir's analysis of the actions of the French Resistance.
  • De Beauvoir's analysis of the ethics of social movements.
Part II. Essay Question. This essay question will be worth 50% of the final exam. You may use your textbook for this essay question. Here is the prompt: Over the course of the semester we have read a variety of works on existentialism. Based on the material we have read so far, how would you define existentialism? Be sure to illustrate your answer with examples drawn from other texts we have read this semester (from the work of at least three different authors).