Phil 107 F13: Exam 2 Study Guide

The Second Midterm will cover Descartes, Turing, Hume, Hobbes, Darwin, Sartre and Ghost Dog: Way of the Samurai.

In addition to knowing how each work answers the four questions, you should also be familiar with the following ideas and concepts:
  • Descartes' three forms of doubt and what beliefs each form of doubt calls into question and what sorts of beliefs each form of doubt leaves untouched.
  • Descartes' Cogito argument.
  • Cartesian Dualism.
  • Descartes' Two Arguments against Artificial Intelligence.
  • Turing Machine.
  • Turing Test.
  • Searle's Chinese Room Argument.
  • Hume's conception of Empiricism.
  • The differences between Impressions and Ideas.
  • Hume's conception of personal identity.
  • Hobbes' conception of Mechanism and Materialism.
  • Hobbes' account of the state of nature and the social contract.
  • Hobbes' account of the sources of human conflict.
  • The five components of Darwin's Theory of Evolution.
  • Darwin's conception of human nature.
  • Sartre's conception of existentialism.
  • Sartre's accounts of Anguish, Abandonment, and Despair.
For the Essay you should think about elements of existentialism in the film Ghost Dog: Way of the Samurai.