Phil 110: Study Guide for Final

For the Final you should know the definitions of the following terms for fill-in-the-blank questions:
  • Ethical Skeptics
  • Ethical Relativists
  • Ethical Absolutists
  • Teleological Ethical Theories
  • Deontological Ethical Theories
  • Formula of Universal Law
  • Consequentialism
  • Greatest Happiness Principle
  • Principle of Impartiality
  • Principle of Universality
  • Function
  • Virtue
  • Vice
  • Will to Power
For the Final Exam you should be able to address the following points:
  • Describe Kant's four character types and explain which is the most moral.
  • Describe Kant's Formula of Universal Law.
  • Explain how Kant uses the Formula of Universal Law to show that it is wrong to make a lying promise.
  • Explain Mill's Greatest Happiness Principle.
  • Explain the Principle of Impartiality and Universality.
  • Explain the "Doctrine fit only for swine objection to Utilitarianism and Mill's response.
  • Explain Aristotle's concept of the Highest Good.
  • Explain the candidates for happiness that Aristotle considers and his reasons for rejecting them.
  • Explain Aristotle's conception of a function and the associated concepts of vice and virtue and illustrate all of these with an example.
  • Explain what a moral virtue is (including the three parts of a moral virtue) and give an example.
  • Explain Nietzsche's concept of will to power.
  • Explain Nietzsche's Genealogical Method.
  • Explain Master and Slave Morality and identify the major differences between them as discussed in class.
  • Explain Noddings' criticism of traditional theories of morality.
  • Explain the two sentiments that Nodding believes are the basis of our moral judgments.
Finally, you should consider the moral perspective of the film Crimes and Misdemeanors and compare that moral perspective to the moral theories of the other philosopher we have studied this unit.