Phil 125 F12: Quizzes

Quiz 5
Please write your name and "Quiz 5" at the top of your paper.
  1. Max Black defines Humbug as, "deceptive misrepresentation, short of lying, especially by pretentious word or deed, of somebody's own thoughts, feelings, or attitudes." What are two issues Frankfurt raises with this definition? (3 points each)
  2. According to Frankfurt, what is the difference between bullshit and lies? (2 points)
  3. According to Frankfurt, why is bullshit worse than a lie? (2 points)

Quiz 4
Please write your name and "Quiz 4" at the top of your paper. Each of the following passages commits at least one fallacy. Identify and explain that fallacy.
  1. From former President Bush's address to a joint session of Congress on September 20, 2001, “And we will pursue nations that provide aid or safe haven to terrorism. Every nation in every region now has a decision to make: Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists.”
  2. You know why you think that? Because you are an idiot!
  3. If you want a life full of sexual pleasure, don’t graduate from college. A study to be published next month in American Demographics magazine shows that people with the most education have the least amount of sex.
  4. My fellow Americans...there has been some talk that the government is overstepping its bounds by allowing police to enter peoples' homes without the warrants traditionally required by the Constitution. However, these are dangerous times and dangerous times require appropriate actions. I have in my office thousands of letters from people who let me know, in no uncertain terms, that they heartily endorse the war against crime in these United States. Because of this overwhelming approval, it is evident that the police are doing the right thing. 
  5. Father: “Don’t play with that sharp stick son!” Son: “It’s not a stick dad, it is a lightsaber.”

Quiz 2
Please write your name and Quiz 2 at the top of your paper. Then, for each of the following passages, identify one of the features of language discussed in class that occurs in the passage. Be sure to explain your answer. Each question is worth 2 points:
  1. From a newspaper headline, "Tiger Woods plays with own balls, Nike says."
  2. Don’t say ‘vomit’, that word is disgusting. I prefer, “involuntary personal protein spill.”
  3. A Worm-eating Warbler was discovered by Hazel Miller in Concord, while walking along the branch of a tree, singing, and in good view. That’s our Hazel—surefooted, happy, and with just a touch of the exhibitionist.
  4. From an ad, "New Furniture at a Fraction of the Original Price!!"
  5. The lure of imaginary totality is momentarily frozen before the dialectic of desire hastens on within symbolic chains.

Quiz 1
Please write your name and "Quiz 1" at the top of your paper. Then, answer the following questions:
  1. What are two reasons Baillargeon gives for writing our textbook? (2 points each)
  2. Briefly explain three of the five functions of language discussed in class. (2 points each)