Phil 125 S11(short): Quizzes

Quiz ?
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  1. Explain two of the foundational axioms of science (2 points each).
  2. Explain one of the methods of scientific research we discussed in class. (2 points)
  3. Explain two of the criteria we identified for deciding between competing hypotheses for a given phenomenon. (2 points each)

Quiz 4 (Sample)
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  1. Max Black defines Humbug as, "deceptive misrepresentation, short of lying, especially by pretentious word or deed, of somebody's own thoughts, feelings, or attitudes." What are two issues Frankfurt raises with this definition? (2 points each)
  2. According to Frankfurt, what is the difference between bullshit and lies? (4 points)
  3. According to Frankfurt, why is bullshit worse than a lie? (2 points)

Quiz 3
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Each of the following passages commits at least one fallacy. Identify and explain that fallacy.
  1. From former President Bush's address to a joint session of Congress on September 20, 2001, “And we will pursue nations that provide aid or safe haven to terrorism. Every nation in every region now has a decision to make: Either you are with us or you are with the terrorists.”
  2. You know why you think that? Because you are an idiot!
  3. If you want a life full of sexual pleasure, don’t graduate from college. A study to be published next month in American Demographics magazine shows that people with the most education have the least amount of sex.
  4. My fellow Americans...there has been some talk that the government is overstepping its bounds by allowing police to enter peoples' homes without the warrants traditionally required by the Constitution. However, these are dangerous times and dangerous times require appropriate actions. I have in my office thousands of letters from people who let me know, in no uncertain terms, that they heartily endorse the war against crime in these United States. Because of this overwhelming approval, it is evident that the police are doing the right thing. 
  5. Father: “Don’t play with that sharp stick son!” Son: “It’s not a stick dad, it is a lightsaber.”

Quiz 2
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Section I: Answer the following questions:
  1. What is a persuasive definition (2 points)? Give an example (2 points).
  2. Give a definition by genus and difference of the word 'Computer'. (2 points)
Section II: The following two passages contain examples of the deceptive features of language we studied in class. Identify and explain which deceptive features of language each of the following passages is an example of (each question is worth 2 points):
  1. Prices as low as $1!!!
  2. Don’t say ‘vomit’, that word is disgusting. I prefer, “involuntary personal protein spill.”

Quiz 1
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  1. What are the two reasons Baillargeon gives for why he wrote A short Course in Intellectual Self-Defense? (4 points each)
  2. What is a pseudo-event? (2 points) Provide an example. (2 points)
  3. What is a video news release? (4 points)
  4. What is a Front Group? (2 points) Give an example. (2 points)