PHILOSOPHY 101: Introduction to Logic Fall 2011 Section 20 CRN: 4282; TR 4:00-5:20 Location: Serra Hall 212 INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Ian DucklesEmail: imduckles@gmail.com Office Hours: Tuesdays 2:00-4:00 PM or by appointment Office: Founder's Hall 168A TEXTBOOK: Introduction to Logic, 14th Edition, Irving M. Copi, Carl Cohen, and Kenneth McMahon. Pearson, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2009. (This text is required. We will use it daily in class.) You may use the 13th or 12th edition of the text. The 13th edition is almost identical to the 14th (the major difference is that the 14th edition is in color), the 12th edition is similar, but its differences from the other two are much more significant.COURSE DESCRIPTION: “The study of arguments, including basic principles of traditional logic together with an introduction to modern sentential logic. Topics include recognizing arguments, premises, conclusions, induction and deduction, fallacies, categorical syllogisms, and sentential inference forms” (USD Course Catalog). This course satisfies the logic requirement.COURSE OBJECTIVES: During this course, students will be asked to do some or all of the following:1. Distinguish arguments from non-arguments 2. Distinguish deductive arguments from inductive arguments 3. Identify the premises and conclusion of arguments 4. Identify types of informal fallacies 5. Test arguments for validity using Venn diagrams and/or truth tables and indirect truth tables 6. Distinguish necessary and sufficient conditions 7. Translate sentences into propositional logic 8. Apply the techniques of natural deduction to proving arguments (this may include reduction and conditional proofs) COURSE CALENDAR (topics and important dates included):(Homework will be due daily and assignments will be announced in class. Do not be concerned if we fall ahead or behind on this schedule. The most important goal is that everyone understand the concepts and problems. This schedule is subject to change. All changes will be announced in class and posted on the course website). All page numbers refer to the 14th edition of the text. Users of the 13th edition should just read the relevant sections listed below (again, they are identical to the 14th edition, just not in color and with different page numbers). Week 1: IntroductionThursday, September 1: Introduction, Chapter 1: Basic Logical Concepts (pp. 2-33)Homework: The problem set after section 1.2 in the text (Pages 9-11 in the 14th edition). Week 2: Analyzing ArgumentsTuesday September 6: Continue Basic Logical Concepts Thursday, September 8: Chapter 2.1: Analyzing Arguments; Paraphrasing (pp. 34-38)Homework: The problem set at the end of Chapter 1 (page 32 in the 14th edition; page 35 in the 13th edition). Homework. The problem set after Chapter 2.1 odd #'s. In addition, take a look at Obama's Thursday night Jobs Speech (Google that phrase for links) and the Republican response. Find one argument from either the speech or the response and paraphrase it. Then, say whether it is deductive or inductive and whether it is valid/invalid and sound/not sound or strong/weak and cogent/not cogent. Week 3: Fallacies Homework: Problem set at end of Chapter 2.2 (page 44 in the 14th ed.; page 48 in the 13th ed.) Problems 5-10. September 15: Chapter 4.1-4.3 Fallacies (pp. 105-120)Homework: Problem set at end of Chapter 2.3 (page 52 in the 14th, page 58 in the 13th), problems 1-4. Week 4: FallaciesSeptember 20: Chapter 4.4-4.6 Fallacies (pp. 126-156) Homework: Problem set A at the end of Chapter 4.3, #'s 1-15. September 22: Fallacies Continued Homework: Problem Set at the end of Chapter 4.5, #'s 1-10. Week 5: First Exam September 27: Review for Exam September 29: First Examination (20% of Overall Final Grade) Week 6: Symbolic LogicOctober 4: Chapter 8.1-8.2 (pp. 287-297) Homework: Problem Set at end of Section 8.2. For users of the 14th Edition: Section B, #'s 1-10 and 21-25; Section C #'s 10-20. For users of the 13th Edition: Section B, #'s 1-10 and 21-25; Section D #'s 10-20. October 6: Chapter 8.3 (pp. 300-308) Homework: Problem Set at end of Section 8.3: For users of the 14th Edition: Section A, #'s 16-25; Section B #'s 15-25. For users of the 13th Edition: Section A, #'s 16-25; Section C #'s 15-25. Week 7: Symbolic LogicOctober 11: Chapter 8.4-8.6 (pp. 310-316) Homework: Problem set at end of Section 8.3 For users of the 14th Edition: Draw truth tables for Section B #'s 15-25. For users of the 13th Edition: Draw truth tables for Section C #'s 15-25 October 13: Chapter 8.7-8.10 (pp. 316-336) Homework: Problem Set at end of 8.7: Problem Set B, #'s 1-10. Week 8: Symbolic LogicOctober 18: Continue Symbolic Logic Homework: Problem Set at end of Section 8.8, Problem Set C #'s 1-5, 16-20. Please read section 8.10. October 20: Continue Symbolic Logic Homework: Problem Set at end of Section 8.7; Problem Set C #'s 1-10. Symbolize the arguments and determine their validity or invalidity. Try to use the shorter truth table method. Week 9: Second Exam October 25: Review for Exam October 27: Second Examination (20% of Overall Final Grade) Week 10: Methods of DeductionNovember 1: Chapter 9.1-9.2 (pp. 337-344)Homework: Problem Set at End of Section 9.3 #'s 5-10. November 3: Chapter 9.3-9.5 (pp. 345-354)Homework: Problem Set at End of Section 9.4 #'s 9-20; Problem Set A in Section 9.5 #'s 6-10. Week 11: Methods of DeductionNovember 8: Extra DayHomework: Problem Set at End of Section 9.4 #'s 21-30; Problem Set A in Section 9.5 #'s 11-15.November 10: Chapter 9.6 (pp. 357-363)Homework: Section 9.5, Problem Set B #'s 5-10. Week 12: Methods of DeductionNovember 15: Chapter 9.7-9.8 Natural Deduction (pp. 364-383)Homework: Problem Set C in Section 9.5 #'s 1-5; Problem Set A in Section 9.8 #'s 4-6. November 17: Extra DayHomework: Problem Set A in Section 9.8 #'s 7-10; Problem Set B in Section 9.8 #'s 9-15.Week 13: Methods of DeductionNovember 22: Chapter 9.9-9.12 Invalidity (383-396)November 24: No Class. Enjoy your Thanksgiving!Week 14: Methods of DeductionNovember 29: Extra DayHomework: Section 9.8, Problem Set C #'s 9-15. December 1: Extra DayHomework: Section 9.5, Problem Set C #'s 6-10; Section 9.8, Problem Set F #'s 1-5. Week 15: ReviewDecember 6: Extra DayDecember 8: Review for FinalThe Final Exam for this course will be on Tuesday, December 20 from 2 - 4:00 PM in Serra Hall 212 STUDENT EVALUATION:20% Midterm Examination 1 A: 90-100 % B: 80-89 % C: 70-79 % D: 60-69 % F: <60 % ACADEMIC POLICIES:Student Responsibility to Drop/Withdraw: It is the student’s responsibility to officially add, drop, or withdraw from the course stated in the class schedule. Failure to do so can result in a failing grade.Class Attendance: A student may be disenrolled from the course after two absences; however, a student will be disenrolled from the course after three absences without exception. (This count will begin at the first session of Week 2.) ATTENDANCE IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR THIS PARTICULAR COURSE.Tardiness/Early Departure: If a student arrives unreasonably late or leaves early without notifying the instructor before the event, then that student will be considered absent for that class session.Professionalism: It is assumed that students will conduct themselves in a professional manner with a positive attitude. An open mind is one of the most important tools required for success in academia. If a student is negative and feels as is there is nothing of value to be gained by the college experience or this course, he or she will not do well in this course.Academic Integrity and Conduct: Plagiarism, cheating and poor student conduct will not be tolerated. Students are expected to familiarize themselves with the USD Integrity Policy. This can be found at http://www.sandiego.edu/honorcouncil/integrity.php.Accommodations for Students with Disabilities: Students with disabilities who may need accommodations in this class are encouraged to notify the instructor and Disability Services. Information can be found athttp://www.sandiego.edu/disability/. |

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