USD Phil 330.04 F12: Prompt for Second Exam

General Directions: Your response to these questions should be typed, double-spaced with 10-12 point legible font. In answering the questions do not spend time introducing the issue, but get straight to the question being asked. Also, complete the entire exam in one file. Do not send me separate files for each part of the exam. This exam is due via email by Monday, November 19, 2012 at 11:59 PM. The email attachment must be in .doc, .docx, .rtf, or .pdf format.

Part I: Short Answer Questions.
Answer the following questions. Your answer for each question should be no more than two pages. Each question is worth 10 points.
  1. Explain Justice White's dissent to the majority opinion in Roe v. Wade (page 96).
  2. Explain Warren's response to the claim that because the fetus is a potential person, it should be granted a right to life (this is on pages 119-120).
  3. Explain Marquis' criticism of Thomson (page 123).
Part II: Essay
In the film The Thirteenth Floor we are introduced to the idea of complex computer simulations that are populated by "units:" complex pieces of software that are programmed to behave like human beings. In the film these "units" go about their daily business, but occasionally get taken over by the people who created the simulation in the first place. Among other things, these occupied units are used for sight-seeing, sexual activity, and as message holders. Your assignment is to write
an articulate, well-written essay of 2-3 pages (typed, double-spaced with 10-12 point legible font) that examines the personhood of these units. In particular, pick two of the readings from our unit on abortion and apply the account of personhood described there to evaluate the morality of the treatment of these units. According to that view, are the units persons? Why or why not? On this view, would it be moral for us to occupy the units and use them to achieve our own purposes and objectives? Lastly, what do you think of these issues? This essay is worth 20 points.

Extra Credit
Do you think that we live in a virtual world like the one described in The Thirteenth Floor? Why or why not? Be sure to consider the argument I gave in class. This should be about one page in length.