Philosophy 101: Study Guide for Exam 2

For the Exam
You should know the definitions of and be able to recognize the following fallacies (a list of the names of the fallacies will be provided on the exam):

I. Fallacies of Relevance
    a. Appeal to Emotion
    b. Red Herring
    c. Straw Man
    d. Argument against the person (ad hominem)
    e. Appeal to Force
    f. Missing the Point
II. Fallacies of Defective Induction
    a. Argument from Ignorance
    b. Appeal to Inappropriate Authority
    c. False Cause
    d. Hasty Generalization
III. Fallacies of Presumption
    a. Accident
    b. Complex/Loaded Question
    c. Begging the Question
IV. Fallacies of Ambiguity
    a. Equivocation
    b. Amphiboly
    c. Accent
    d. Composition
    e. Division

You should know the truth tables for the five logical connectives we studied in class:
  1. Negation (~)
  2. Conjunction  (•)
  3. Disjunction (∨)
  4. Conditional  (⊃)
  5. Biconditional or Material Equivalence (≡)
You should be able to provide a truth table for a proposition.
You should be able to use a truth table to determine the validity of an argument.
You should be able to symbolize a proposition and an argument.
You should know the meaning of the following terms:
  • Tautology
  • Logical Contradiction
  • Contingent Proposition
  • Necessary Condition
  • Sufficient Condition